WASHINGTON - A year after federal officials announced a program of "prosecutorial discretion" aimed at reducing nearly 300,000 pending immigration cases, only 1.5 percent of the backlogged cases have been closed.
The Immigration and Customs Enforcement policy allows prosecutors to exercise discretion on which cases to pursue, meaning they could choose to dismiss or put on hold cases that did not meet the agency's top priority of finding and deporting serious criminals.
Of the 298,173 cases that were pending at the end of September, only 4,585 had been closed under the program by the end of May, according to the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse at Syracuse University. Arizona accounted for 69 of the closed cases.
The number is well below what opponents of the policy feared and supporters had hoped for.
Frank Sharry, who said he was doing "back handsprings" when the prosecutorial discretion policy was announced, said this week that it is "clear that it failed."
"The idea was to focus the limited resources on the worst of the worst, but that promise was clearly unfulfilled," said Sharry, executive director of America's Voice, an organization that advocates for immigrants.
But ICE spokeswoman Gillian Christensen said it can be "somewhat of a lengthy process" from the time the agency decides a person is a good candidate for discretion and the time a motion is filed in court.
"This is not something that happens overnight," she said.
Christensen said ICE's numbers are actually slightly lower than TRAC's, with the agency reporting 4,363 closed cases. ICE has identified more than 20,000 cases that are "amenable" to discretion, she said, but a lot of the cases are stuck somewhere in the pipeline.
Opponents, meanwhile, were not comforted by the small percentage of cases that have been closed under the program.
"I find it ridiculous that they (ICE) even release them on their own recognizance," said state Sen. Ron Gould, R-Lake Havasu City. "That's saying, 'We've caught you, now we're going to release you and send you on your merry way.'"
Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach, an architect of Arizona's SB 1070 immigration law and similar measures, said the concept of prosecutorial discretion was flawed to begin with.
"Taxpayers have spent a lot to get those cases to court, and to drop them mid-stream doesn't make a lot of sense," Kobach said.
ICE Director John Morton proposed the policy last year, saying it would allow the agency to focus its energies on apprehending serious criminals. He directed ICE officials to exercise discretion when faced with cases of low-priority illegal immigrants, such as those with children who are U.S. citizens, those who came to the country as minors or served in the militar.
The Obama administration approved the program in August and immigration officials began a review of the backlogged cases in December.
To date, 3,998 individuals eligible for prosecutorial discretion have declined the offer, according to ICE. Crystal Williams, executive director of the American Immigration Lawyers Association, said those people probably "calculated they are better off going in front of a judge" where they could be eligible to become legal residents instead of granted temporary relief, she said.
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