WASHINGTON - Arizona counties got nearly $34.5 million in funding this week for the federal lands within their borders, but those Payments in Lieu of Taxes may not continue in the future if Congress doesn't act.
The Arizona funding was part of $436.9 million paid to about 1,900 local governments by the Interior Department under the PILT program, which has been compensating counties since 1976 for the property taxes they cannot collect on the government land.
The payments are particularly important in Western states because of the large amounts of federal land in those states. All 15 Arizona counties have enough federal land to be qualify for PILT funds, ranging from $844,890 in Greenlee County to $3.48 million in Yuma County.
"It's good news for my district, which is unique because 95 percent of it is public land, so they really rely on these payments," said Rep. Ann Kirkpatrick, D-Flagstaff, whose district includes some or all of 10 counties.
But this year's payments almost didn't come through. PILT was not included in the 2014 budget, but was added to the Farm Bill by lawmakers this spring.
There is currently no guarantee of funding beyond this year, however, which worries local government officials.
"You have to pay for your responsibility," said Paul Beddoe, deputy legislative director at the National Association of Counties. "This is Congress' way to pay taxes in these rural communities."
The funds are based on the acres of federal land within a county, including national forests and parks, acreage managed by the Bureau of Land Management and other federal lands.
Beddoe said PILT funding is absolutely crucial, especially in states like Arizona, because it lets them fund needed services. Those can include building schools and roads but also funding services "to the benefit of federal land," from search and rescue to land cleanup.
Arizona got the fifth-highest PILT payment among states.
California got $45 million, followed by Utah with $37.9 million, New Mexico with $37.7 million and Colorado, with just over $34.5 million.